MANDALAY, the last Capital of
Myanmar Kingdom is located in the central plain of Myanmar. Once known
as the Yadanabon Kingdom, The Palace City founded by King
Mindon in 1857 AD. During the rule of King Thibaw, the
entire Myanmar fell into British. Today this city is becoming the
commercial center, loaming from North to South and East to West of
Myanmar, trades by China, Thailand, India, Bangladesh and Yangon seaport.
The city remains as traditional culture center of Myanmar, because many crafts works, Tapestry works, Myanmar Art and literatures are flourished in
Kongbaung Period of Mandalay is still remain as traditional culture center of Myanmar.
Mandalay Palace and
Monasteries are all decorated with traditional crafts and Myanmar scriptures can be seen on many of the marble slabs laid on
Pagodas and some Monasteries is reflected as a culture center of Myanmar.
Sights Around Mandalay
On the west bank of Mandalay about 11 km, is a small town,
well known for its world largest ringing bell weights 90.5 ton
is at the height of 12ft and the diameter of the mouth is 16ft wide.
The big incomplete temple, built by King Bodawphaya in
late 1790. It took 15 years to build and the king died before completed
it. Instead of 530ft in height is at present is only 162ft high. From
the upper terrace of the building can see the yawning cracks cutting deep down
into the solid base. It was the damages caused by many earthquakes in 1838. Two
mythical lions in front of the building are at the height of 95ft and the
eyes were 9ft in width. The huge remnants of the Pagoda and mythical lions
still testify the archaeological skills of the Amarapura period.
Son of Pinya King Minnanthu known as Athinkhaya Sawyun built the Kingdom city in 1315 AD. This city situated on the northwest of Mandalay on the west bank of Ayayarwaddy River about 21 km from Mandalay. There are about
6ooo Monasteries and many ancient Pagodas spotted on the west bank of Ayarwaddy in Sagaing hills.
KaungHmudaw, U Min Thoneze, Ponyashin Pagodas are main attractions in Sagaing
Three Shan brothers built Pinya City in 1312 AD. Pinya era started from the fall of Bagan. This era lasted about 52 years. There are five rulers, started from
ThiHaThu, Uzana, Ngazishin Kyawzwa, Narathu and UzanaPyaung.
The first king (ThihaThu) built Pinya City State. But his son AthinKhaYa SawYun moved to Sagaing and became king of Sagaing. Then became the rival City States. Pinya after 40 years of rule fell from it's power and Sagaing became powerful.
After the fall of Pinya and Sagaing, there came another City State call Innwa, the last king of Pinya named ThadoMinPhya as the king of Innwa and built the Innwa City, his rule lasted about 4 months and then moved back to Pinya.
During the rules of the kings, they built Pagodas for their religious deeds. Many brave kings
and famous literatures from Pinya age can be seen on the stone scripts round the Pagodas.
About 136km to the west from Mandalay is Monywa. The city
is on the east bank of Chindwin River and hub of trade and commerce in the
Chindwin Valley. Monywa is famous for its
Mohnyin Thanboddhay Pagoda
complex, with more than five hundred thousand Buddha Images in it. The
land of One thousand Bo trees can also observe on the land of I 37 acres, with
a huge reclining Buddha Image on the hill slope is about 333ft long
beyond the trees.
Phowin and Shweba Hill
Crossing the Chindwin rive and taking one hour drive, on
the west bank about 30km, there are famous rocky Phowin and Shweba hills with
big niches and huge Buddha Images with fine roundabout steps carved out of the
single rocky hills are from centuries age and worth for visiting.